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John Schmitt


Policy Papers
| Books | Book Chapters
Journal Articles | Working Papers

CEPR Reports and Policy Papers

Women, Working Families, and Unions

June 2014, Janelle Jones, John Schmitt, and Nicole Woo

A College Degree is No Guarantee

May 2014, Janelle Jones and John Schmitt

Scrapping the Social Security Payroll Tax Cap: Who Would Pay More?

April 2014, Nicole Woo, Janelle Jones, and John Schmitt

The Economic Importance of Women’s Rising Hours of Work: Time to Update Employment Standards

April 2014, Eileen Appelbaum, Heather Boushey, and John Schmitt

Regulation of Public Sector Collective Bargaining in the States

March 2014, Milla Sanes and John Schmitt

Union Advantage for Black Workers

February 2014, Janelle Jones and John Schmitt

Job Protection Isn’t Enough: Why America Needs Paid Parental Leave

December 2013, Heather Boushey, Jane Farrell, and John Schmitt

Women Workers and Unions

December 2013, John Schmitt and Nicole Woo

Don't Blame the Robots: Assessing the Job Polarization Explanation of Growing Wage Inequality

November 2013, Lawrence Mishel, Heidi Shierholz, and John Schmitt

Slow Progress for Fast-Food Workers

August 2013, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Has Education Paid Off for Black Workers?

June 2013, Janelle Jones and John Schmitt

No-Vacation Nation Revisited

May 2013, Rebecca Ray, Milla Sanes, and John Schmitt

Making Jobs Good

April 2013, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Why Does the Minimum Wage Have No Discernible Effect on Employment?

February 2013, John Schmitt

State Union Membership, 2012

January 2013, John Schmitt, Janelle Jones and Milla Sanes

Raising the Social Security Payroll Tax Cap: How Many Workers Would Pay More?

January 2013, Nicole Woo, Janelle Jones and John Schmitt

Bad Jobs on the Rise

September 2012, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Where Have All the Good Jobs Gone?

July 2012, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Who's (Still) Above the Social Security Payroll Tax Cap?

May 2012, Nicole Woo, Janelle Jones, and John Schmitt

Size and Characteristics of States’ Union Workforces

May 2012, John Schmitt and Marie-Eve Augier

Low-wage Workers Are Older and Better Educated than Ever

April 2012, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Affording Health Care and Education on the Minimum Wage

March 2012, John Schmitt and Marie-Eve Augier

The Minimum Wage Is Too Damn Low

March 2012, John Schmitt

Long-Term Hardship in the Labor Market

March 2012, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Health-insurance Coverage for Low-wage Workers, 1979-2010 and Beyond

February 2012, John Schmitt

Low-Wage Lessons

January 2012, John Schmitt

Down and Out: Measuring Long-Term Hardship in the Labor Market

January 2012, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

Politics Matter: Changes in Unionization Rates in Rich Countries, 1960-2010

November 2011, John Schmitt and Alexandra Mitukiewicz

Who's Above the Social Security Payroll Tax Cap?

September 2011, Nicole Woo, Janelle Jones and John Schmitt

Diversity and Change: Asian American and Pacific Islander Workers

July 2011, Hye Jin Rho, John Schmitt, Nicole Woo, Lucia Lin and Kent Wong

Labor Market Policy in the Great Recession: Some Lessons from Denmark and Germany
May 2011, John Schmitt

The Wage and Employment Impact of Minimum-Wage Laws in Three Cities

March 22, 2011, John Schmitt and David Rosnick

Deconstructing Structural Unemployment
March 2011, John Schmitt and Kris Warner

Unions and Upward Mobility for Asian American and Pacific Islander Workers
January 2011, John Schmitt, Hye Jin Rho and Nicole Woo

The College Conundrum
December 2010, John Schmitt and Heather Boushey

Ex-Offenders and the Labor Market
November 2010, John Schmitt and Kris Warner

The Wage Penalty for State and Local Government Employees in New England
September 2010, Jeffrey Thompson and John Schmitt

The Urgent Need for Job Creation
July 2010, John Schmitt and Tessa Conroy

More Men to Benefit From Expanded Coverage Under Healthcare Reform
June 2010, Heidi Hartmann, Ashley English, John Schmitt and Hye Jin Rho

The High Budgetary Cost of Incarceration
June 2010, John Schmitt, Kris Warner, and Sarika Gupta

The Wage Penalty for State and Local Government Employees

May 2010, John Schmitt

The Benefits of State and Local Government Employees
May 2010, John Schmitt

Unions and Upward Mobility for Immigrant Workers
March 2010, John Schmitt

Health-Insurance Coverage Rates for US Workers, 1979-2008
March 2010, Hye Jin Rho and John Schmitt

The Unions of the States
February 2010, John Schmitt

The Trillion Wage Deficit

December 2009, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

Unions and Upward Mobility for Asian Pacific American Workers
November 2009, John Schmitt, Hye Jin Rho, and Nicole Woo

The Changing Face of Labor, 1983-2008
November 2009, John Schmitt and Kris Warner

Inequality as Policy: The United States Since 1979
October 2009, John Schmitt

Low-Wage Work in High-Income Countries: Labor-Market Institutions and Business Strategy in the U.S. and Europe
October 2009, Eileen Appelbaum and John Schmitt

An International Comparison of Small Business Employment
August 2009, John Schmitt and Nathan Lane

Paid Sick Days Don't Cause Unemployment
June 2009, John Schmitt, Hye Jin Rho, Alison Earle, and Jody Heymann

Contagion Nation: A Comparison of Paid Sick Day Policies in 22 Countries
May 2009, Jody Heymann, Hye Jin Rho, John Schmitt, and Alison Earle

U.S. Unemployment Now As High as Europe
May 2009, John Schmitt, Hye Jin Rho, and Shawn Fremstad

Unions and Upward Mobility for Service-Sector Workers
April 2009, John Schmitt

Dropping the Ax: Illegal Firings During Union Election Campaigns, 1951-2007
March 2009, John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

Is the U.S. Unemployment Rate Today Already as High as It Was in 1982?

March 2009, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

Unions and Upward Mobility for Women Workers
December 2008, John Schmitt

Unions and Upward Mobility for Young Workers
October 2008, John Schmitt

Unions and Upward Mobility for Latino Workers
September 2008, John Schmitt

Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality
September 2008, Rebecca Ray, Janet C. Gornick and John Schmitt

Slow-Motion Recession: What Congress Can Do to Help

July 2008, Eileen Appelbaum, Dean Baker and John Schmitt

The Union Wage Advantage for Low-Wage Workers
May 2008, John Schmitt

Unions and Upward Mobility for African-American Workers
March 2008, John Schmitt

The Economic Impact of a U.S. Slowdown on the Americas
March 2008, Mark Weisbrot, John Schmitt and Luis Sandoval

The Decline in African-American Representation in Unions and Manufacturing, 1979-2007

February 2008, John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

Movin’ On Up: Reforming America’s Social Contract to Provide a Bridge to the Middle Class
February 2008, Shawn Fremstad, Rebecca Ray, Liz Chimienti, and John Schmitt

What We’re In For: Projected Economic Impact of the Next Recession

January 2008, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

The Need for an Economic Stimulus Package

January 2008, Eileen Appelbaum, Dean Baker and John Schmitt

'Misunderestimating' Living Standards
January 2008, John Schmitt and David Rosnick

The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly: Job Quality in the United States over the Three Most Recent Business Cycles

November 2007, John Schmitt

Unions and Upward Mobility for Low-Wage Workers
August 2007, John Schmitt, Margy Waller, Shawn Fremstad and Ben Zipperer

Is the Unemployment Rate in Sweden Really 17 Percent?
June 2007, John Schmitt

Job Tenure and Firm Size Provisions Exclude Many Young Parents from Family and Medical Leave
June 2007, Heather Boushey and John Schmitt

No-Vacation Nation

May 2007, Rebecca Ray and John Schmitt

The Decline in African-American Representation in Unions and Manufacturing, 1979-2006
March 2007, John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

Dropping the Ax: Illegal Firings During Union Election Campaigns
January 2007, John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

Old Europe Goes to Work: Rising Employment Rates in the European Union

September 2006, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

The Impact of Undercounting in the Current Population Survey

August 2006, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

Is the U.S. a Good Model for Reducing Social Exclusion in Europe?
August 2006, John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

Are Protective Labor Market Institutions Really at the Root of Unemployment? A Critical Perspective

July 2006, David R. Howell, Dean Baker, Andrew Glyn and John Schmitt

Analysis of NY 'Fair Share for Health Care' Bill
May 2006, John Schmitt

Changing Patterns in the Relative Economic Performance of Immigrants to Great Britain and the U.S., 1980-2000
April 2006, John Schmitt and Jonathan Wadsworth

Employment Regulation and French Unemployment: Were the French Students Right After All?
April 2006, John Schmitt and David Howell

Missing Inaction: Evidence of Undercounting of Non-Workers in the Current Population Survey (CPS)

February 2006, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

The Decline in African-American Representation in Unions and Auto Manufacturing, 1979-2004

January 2006, John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

Impact of Proposed Minimum-Wage Increase on Low-income Families

December 2005, Heather Boushey and John Schmitt

How Good is the Economy at Creating Good Jobs?

October 2005, John Schmitt

Correcting Employment Rates in the 2000 Decennial Census Using Information from the CPS-Census 2000

May 2005, John Schmitt and Dean Baker

Labor Markets and Economic Inequality in the United States Since the End of the 1970s
April 2005, John Schmitt

Unemployment and Labor Market Institutions: The Failure of the Empirical Case for Deregulation

September 2004, Dean Baker, Andrew Glyn, David Howell, and John Schmitt

Labor Market Performance in Pennsylvania, 2001-2004: Pennsylvania Lags Behind the Nation
September 2004, John Schmitt

Labor Market Performance in Ohio, 2001-2004: Ohio Lags Behind the Nation
September 2004, John Schmitt

Labor Market Performance in Michigan, 2001-2004: Michigan Lags Behind the Nation
September 2004, John Schmitt

The Rise in Job Displacement, 1991-2004: The Crisis in American Manufacturing
August 2004, John Schmitt

Job Displacement over the Business Cycle, 1991-2001
July 2004, John Schmitt

Computer Assisted Exam Results
Summer 2004, John Schmitt and Jonathan Wadsworth

Labor Market Protections and Unemployment: Does the IMF Have a Case?
November 2003 (with Dean Baker)

Hard Times in the New Millennium: The Fate of Youth in the Bush Years
November 2003 (with Heather Boushey
)

Is It Time to Export the US Tax Model to Latin America?
April 2003

Growing Pain: The Expense of Drugs for the Elderly
February 2003 (with Dean Baker)


Selected Outside Works

Taking the Measure of Workers and Jobs: Surveying What Workers Want (and Get) from Their Union and Company
Final Report to the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, September 2004 (with Arne L. Kalleberg, Eileen Appelbaum, and Steve Sleigh).

Los inmigrantes mexicanos, salvadoreños y dominicanos en el mercado laboral estadounidense: las brechas de género en los años 1990 y 2000
Serie Estudios y Perspectivas No. 20. Mexico City: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, June 2004 (with Sarah Gammage).

The Expenditures of Working Families with Critical Housing Affordability Problems: Trends and Tradeoffs
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute for the Center for Housing Policy, June 28, 2004 (with Jared Bernstein).

Unemployment and Labor Market Institutions: The Failure of the Empirical Case for Deregulation pdf
Paper prepared for the International Labor Organization, December 2003 (with
Dean Baker, Andrew Glyn, and David Howell).

Background Report on Social Indicators in Latin America at the Turn of the Century
Paper prepared for the Social Development Division of the Inter-American Development Bank. February 27, 2002 (with Sarah Gammage).

Factors Affecting and Reflecting Labor-Market Adaptability in the United States, 1989-2000
Paris: Paper prepared for Algoé project on "Labor-market adaptability," for the European Commission, Directorate-General Employment and Social Affairs. August 30, 2001.

Women's Capabilities and Opportunities in Latin America at the Turn of the Century: What Do the Data Say?
Prepared for the Women in Development Program Unit of the Inter-American Development Bank. February 20, 2001 (with Sarah Gammage).

Tax Cut No Cure for Middle Class Economic Woes
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, September 1999 (with
Jared Bernstein, Edie Rasell, and Robert Scott).

Finally, Real Wage Gains: Lower Unemployment, Higher Minimum Wage Spur Recent Wage Growth
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, July 1998 (Lawrence Mishel and Jared Be
rnstein).

Making Work Pay: The Impact of the 1996-97 Minimum Wage Increase
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, May, 1998 (with Jared Bernste
in).

Trading Away Good Jobs: An Examination of Employment and Wages in the U.S. 1979-94
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute. October 1997 (with Robert Scott and Thea Lee)
.

The Minimum Wage and Job Loss
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, January 1996.

Cutting Wages by Cutting Welfare: The Impact of Welfare Reform on the Low-Wage Labor Market
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, September 1995 (with Lawrence Mishel).

El Salvador section in World Outlook 1994
London: The Economist Intelligence Unit. 1994.

Country Report: El Salvador, 4th Quarter 1993
London: The Economist Intelligence Unit. 1994.

 

Books

The State of Working America 2000-2001
Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2001 (with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein).

The State of Working America 1998-99
Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1999 (with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein).

The State of Working America 1996-97
Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1996 (with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein).

Beware the U.S. Model: Jobs and Wages in a Deregulated Economy
Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute. 1995 (with Lawrence Mishel(eds.))

 

Book Chapters

"Labor Markets and Economic Inequality in the United States Since the End of the 1970s," in Vicente Navarro (ed.), Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities: Consequences for Health and Quality of Life. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc, (2007).

"Is the United States a Good Model for Reducing Social Exclusion in Europe?," in Vicente Navarro (ed.), Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities: Consequences for Health and Quality of Life. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc (2007), with Ben Zipperer.

"Economic Efficiency versus Social Equality? The U.S. Liberal Model versus The European Social Model," in Vicente Navarro (ed.), Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities: Consequences for Health and Quality of Life. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc (2007), with Vicente Navarro.

"Is Globalization Undermining the Welfare State? The Evolution of the Welfare State in Developed Capitalist Countries during the 1990s," in Vicente Navarro (ed.), Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities: Consequences for Health and Quality of Life. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc (2007), with Vicente Navarro and Javier Astudillo.

"The Scorecard on Development: 25 Years of Diminished Progress," in K.S. Jomo and Jacques Baudot (eds.), Flat World, Big Gaps: Economic Liberalization, Globalization, Poverty and Inequality. London: Zed Books (2007), with Mark Weisbrot and David Rosnick.

"Mercados de trabajo y desigualdad en el plano económico en los Estados Unidos desde finales de la década de los años setenta," in Gerardo Fujii and Santos M. Ruesga (eds.), El trabajo en un mundo globalizado, Madrid: Ediciones Pirámide (2004).

"Is the OECD Jobs Strategy Behind US and British Employment and Unemployment Success in the 1990s?," in David Howell (ed.), Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2004).

"Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment: A Critical Assessment of the Cross-Country Evidence," in David Howell (ed.), Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2004), with Dean Baker, Andrew Glyn, and David Howell.

"The Minimum Wage Increase: A Working Woman's Issue," in Ellen Mutari and Deborah M. Figart (eds.), Women and the Economy: A Reader, Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe (2003), with Jared Bernstein and Heidi Hartmann.

"Os trabalhadores e a nova economia: algumas lições recentes vindas dos Estados Unidos," in DIEESE (ed.), Emprego e desenvolvimento tecnológico: experiências sindicais, setoriais e regionais, São Paulo: DIEESE (2002).

"Die makroökonomischen Wurzeln der hohen Arbeitslosigkeit in Europa ­– Der Einfluß des Wachstums im Ausland" ("The Macroeconomic Roots of High European Unemployment: The Role of International Demand"), in Eckhard Hein and Achim Truger (eds.), Moderne Wirtschaftspolitik = Koordinierte Makropolitik, Marburg, Germany: Metropolis-Verlag (2002), with Dean Baker.

"Did Job Quality Deteriorate in the 1980s and 1990s?," in Ivar Berg and Arne Kalleberg (eds.) Sourcebook of Labor Markets: Evolving Structures and Processes, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishing (2001).

"The United States and Europe: Who's Really Ahead?" in Jeff Madrick (ed.) Unconventional Wisdom: Alternative Perspectives on the New Economy, New York: The Century Foundation Press (2000), with Lawrence Mishel.

"Labor Market Flexibility and Job Creation in the United States," in Ludwig Bussman (ed.), Vollbeschäftigung und Tertiarisierung (Drei-Sektoren-Hypothese), Berlin: Duncker & Humblot (1999).

"Inequality and Globalization: Some Evidence from the United States," in Don Kalb, Marco van der Land, Richard Staring, Bart van Steenbergen, and Nico Wilterdink (eds.), The Ends of Globalization: Bringing Society Back In, Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield (1999).

"Globalization and Labor Markets: A View from the United States" in Carl Lankowski (ed.), Responses to Globalization in Germany and the United States: Seven Sectors Comparedpdf. AICGS Research Report No. 10. Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Contemporary German Studies (1999).

"The US Model: The Wages of Inequality," in John Vail and Jane Wheelock (eds.), Work and Idleness: The Political Economy of Full Employment. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Press (1998), with Jared Bernstein and Lawrence Mishel.

"The Minimum Wage: Blocking the Low-Wage Path," in Todd Schafer and Jeff Faux (eds.), Reclaiming Prosperity: A Blueprint for Progressive Economic Reform. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe (1996), with William Spriggs.

"The Changing Structure of Male Earnings in Britain, 1974-88," in Richard Freeman and Lawrence Katz (eds.), Differences and Changes in Wage Structures: An International Comparison. National Bureau of Economic Research Series. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (1995).

"The Rise in Inactivity," in Andrew Glyn and David Miliband (eds.), Paying for Inequality: The Economic Cost of Social Injustice. London: River Oram Press (1994), with Jonathan Wadsworth.

 

Journal Articles

"Are Protective Labor Market Institutions at the Root of Unemployment? A Critical Review of the Evidence," Capitalism and Society: 2.1.1 (2007), with David R. Howell, Dean Baker and Andrew Glyn.

"Labor Markets and Economic Inequality in the United States Since the End of the 1970s." International Journal of Health Services: 35.4 (October 2005): pp 655-673.

"Economic Efficiency Versus Social Equality? The U.S. Liberal Model versus the European Social Model." International Journal of Health Services, 35.4 (October 2005): pp 613-630, with John Navarro.

"Is It Time to Export the US Tax Model to Latin America?" Challenge: 48.3 (May/June 2005): pp 46-68.

"¿A dónde va el socioliberalismo? Una crítica del libro Quo Vadis Europa? Por qué la Unión Europea sigue creciendo más lentamente que Estados Unidos." Revista Principios: Estudios de Economía Política: 2005.2 (May 2005): pp 105-120, with Vicenç Navarro.

"The Rise in Job Displacement, 1991-2004: The Crisis in American Manufacturing." Challenge: 47.6 (November/December 2004): pp 46-68.

"Computer Assisted Exam Results,"pdf CentrePiece: Summer 2004: pp 8-15, with Jonathan Wadsworth.

"The Evolution of the Welfare State in Developed Capitalist Countries During the Decade of the 1990s." Cambridge Journal of Economics: 28.1 (January 2004): pp 133-152, with Vicente Navarro and Javier Astudillo.

"Review of White-collar Sweatshop: The Deterioration of Work and Its Rewards in Corporate America by Jill Andresky Fraser." British Journal of Industrial Relations: 41.2 (June 2003): pp 373-74.

"La importancia de la política en la supuesta globalización económica: la evolución de los estados de bienestar en el capitalismo desarrollado durante la década de los años noventa." Sistema: 171 (November 2002): pp. 3-46, with Vicenç Navarro and Javier Astudillo.

"An Evaluation of the G7 Economies in the 1990s." Challenge: 41.6 (November/December 1998): pp 39-59, with Lawrence Mishel.

"Unterschätzte soziale Kosten, überbewertete ökonomische Vorteile des 'US-Modells.'" WSI Mitteilungen (April 1998): pp 271-79, with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein. Reprinted as "Dangers for European Workers in the U.S. Economic Model." WorkingUSA (May/June 1998): pp 73-85; and as "An Evaluation of the Costs and Benefits of the US Model." Economic Report, 12.8 (September 1998), London: Employment Policy Institute.

"Education Isn't Enough." New Economy: (December 1996) pp 204-08.

"The State of American Workers." Challenge (November-December 1996): pp 33-42, with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein.

"Unemployment Benefit Levels and Search Activity." Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics: 55.1 (February 1993): pp 1-24, with Jonathan Wadsworth.

 

Working Papers

"Changing Patterns of Economic Mobility of Immigrants to Great Britain and the United States, 1980-2000." Centre for Economic Performance Working Paper No. 1422 (April 2006), with Jonathan Wadsworth.

"Is There an Impact of Household Computer Ownership on Children’s Educational Attainment in Britain?" Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper No. 625, London School of Economics (March 2004), with Jonathan Wadsworth.

"Estimating Household Consumption Expenditure in the United States Using the Interview and Diary Portions of the 1980, 1990, and 1997 Consumer Expenditure Surveys." DEMPATEM Working Paper No. 1, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam (February 2004).

"Employment Differences in Services: The Role of Wages, Productivity and Demand." DEMPATEM Working Paper No. 12, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam (February 2004), with Andrew Glyn, Wiemer Salverda, Joachim Möller and Michel Sollogoub.

"For Better or Worse: Union and Company Trust and Citizenship Behaviors." Paper prepared for the Industrial Relations Research Association meetings, San Diego, CA (January 2-5, 2004), with Arne L. Kalleberg, Eileen Appelbaum and Steve Sleigh.

"Creating a Consistent Hourly Wage Series from the Current Population Survey's Outgoing Rotation Group, 1979-2002." Center for Economic and Policy Research, Washington, DC (August 2003).

"Labor-Market Transitions and the Measurement of Labor-Market Capacity." Paper prepared for meeting of the project on New Cross-National Architecture for Labor-Market Statistics, Bellagio, Italy (September 23-27, 2002).

"Supply, Demand, and the Wages of Recent College Graduates in the 1990s." Paper prepared for the Russell Sage Foundation, Grant No. 85-99-02 (June 14, 2002).

"Give PCs a Chance: Changes in Personal Computer Ownership Rates in the United States and Great Britain." Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper 526, London School of Economics (April 2002), with Jonathan Wadsworth.

"Finance-Led Development, or Why People are Leaving El Salvador." Paper prepared for the Latin American Studies Association, XXIII International Congress, Washington, DC (September 6-8, 2001), with William Stanley.

"Workers and the New Economy: Some Early Lessons from the United States." Paper prepared for the International Seminar on 'Alternativas de Desenvolvimento e a Questão Regional', Rio de Janeiro (August 27 and 28, 2001).

"The Impact of Changing Composition on the Inequality of Earnings among Recent College Graduates in the 1980s and 1990s." Paper prepared for the Russell Sage Foundation, Grant No. 85-99-02 (June 8, 2001).

"Earnings of Recent College Graduates in the 1980s and 1990s: Evidence from the Current Population Survey, the National Association of Colleges and Employers 'Salary Survey,' and the Recent College Graduate/ Baccalaureate and Beyond Surveys." Paper prepared for the Russell Sage Foundation, Grant No. 85-99-02 (February 28, 2001).

"The Employment Effects of the 1996-97 Increases in the Federal Minimum Wage: Another Look at the Card and Deere, Murphy, and Welch Tests." Unpublished paper, Economic Policy Institute (January 2000).

"Wage Inequality in the 1990s: Measurement and Trends." Paper presented at the 1999 meetings of the Allied Social Science Association, New York (December 28, 1998), with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein.

"Recent Trends in Wages, Incomes, and Wealth in the United States." Paper prepared for the Canadian Economic Association Meetings, Ottawa (May 31, 1998), with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein.

"Did Technology Have Any Effect on the Growth of Wage Inequality in the 1980s and 1990s?" Economic Policy Institute Working Paper (April 1997), with Lawrence Mishel and Jared Bernstein.

"Did International Trade Lower Less-Skilled Wages During the 1980s? Standard Theory and Evidence." Economic Policy Institute Technical Paper (July 1996), with Lawrence Mishel.

"Export Promotion in El Salvador: is Getting Prices Right Enough?" Centre for Economic Performance Working Paper No. 384, London School of Economics (August 1993).

"You Won't Feel the Benefit: Changing Unemployment Benefit Entitlement and Labour Market Activity in Britain." Unpublished paper, Economic Policy Institute (June 1998); revised version of "Job Search Activity and Changing Unemployment Benefit Entitlement: Pseudo-panel Estimates for Britain." Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper No. 148. London School of Economics (May 1993), with Jonathan Wadsworth.

 

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