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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



Change in Temporary Employment and Average Weekly Hours Since the Beginning of the Recession Print
August 5, 2011

The temp sector added just 300 jobs in July. Employment in the temp sector is down 17,700 jobs since March. This is noteworthy because it directly contradicts the business uncertainty story. If businesses are holding back on hiring because they are worried about regulations, taxes, or debt default then they would be hiring temps in large numbers; however, temp employment is still down by almost 16 percent from its pre-recession level.

In the same vein, employers should be increasing the length of the average workweek as they work their existing work force more hours in order to avoid hiring new workers. (This would also be the case if there were a problem of structural unemployment due to a skills/job mismatch.) In fact, the length of the average workweek has been essentially flat over the last year and is still below the pre-recession level.

jobs-2011-08-ge

For more, check out our latest Jobs Byte.

 
Construction as Percent of GDP, 2005-2011 Print
July 29, 2011

While investment in non-residential structures increased by 8.1 percent in the last quarter, it did not come close to offsetting the 14.3 percent decline in the first quarter. As a result of overbuilding from the bubble, non-residential construction is down by 1.6 percentage points of GDP from its prior peak. Similarly, residential construction is down by almost 4 percentage points from its bubble peak.

gdp-2011-07-ge

For more, check out our latest GDP Byte.

 
Annualized Percentage Change in Owners' Equivalent Rent, Jan. 2001-June 2011 Print
July 26, 2011

The Census Department will release data on vacancy rates later this week, which will give us more information on the overall state of supply and demand in the housing market. The recent movement in rents provides no reason for believing that there is any underlying tightening of the market. Owners' equivalent rent is rising at just over a 1.0 percent annual rate. (This series differs from some realtors’ series showing rising rents, because it measures changes in rent for the same units over time. It does not compare the rent of different units.) This is up compared with the declining rents of 2010, but there is no clear upward momentum. It is likely that oversupply will exert further downward pressure on prices.

hmm-2011-07-ge

For more, check out the latest Housing Market Monitor.

 
Annualized Percentage Change in Core Inflation, January 2008 - June 2011 Print
July 15, 2011

With falling energy prices and more modest rises in food, core inflation is running higher than overall.  Last month, core inflation rose 0.3 percent and at a 2.9 percent annualized rate over the last three months.

prices-2011-07-ge

For more, check out our latest Prices Byte.

 
Brazil Employment Print
July 14, 2011

The fastest-growing employment sector since the recession has been business services, real estate, and finace.  In May it shrank for the first time since June 2010, shedding approximately 18,000 jobs, but it is still 9.9 percent above its pre-recession level, showing twice the growth of the overall job market.  The worst-performing sector has been health, education, defense, public administration, and social security.  This sector had been outperforming the job market as a whole until November 2010, when the number of jobs in the sector rapidly lost most of its prior gains.From November 2010 through April 2011, the sector lost about 140,000 jobs, about 4% of its total.In May it grew by about 34,000 jobs, but it is still only 3.5 percent above its pre-recession level.

lab-2011-07-14c-ge

For more, check out the latest Latin America Data Byte.

 
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