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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.

Bolivia: Prices Begin to Stabilize as Inflation Slows Print

May 24, 2011

Bolivia has released its Consumer Price Index for April (CPI), showing a stabilization of prices. Year-over-year inflation has fallen to 11%, from 11.1% in March. Much of the recent run-up in prices has been concentrated in the most volatile sectors: food and energy. Monetary and fiscal policy designed to counter inflation has limited effect on food and energy prices, because they are mostly a result of rising world prices, outside of the control of local authorities.  Excluding these two categories gives us core inflation, which is less volatile and more relevant to economic policymaking. Core inflation for April was 5.9%, a little over half of the headline inflation level.


Note: Data from before and after March 2008 are not strictly comparable because of a methodology change.

For more information, see our latest Latin America Data Byte.

Unfunded Costs: Social Security, Medicare and Medicare Under the Ryan Plan Print
May 13, 2011

An assumed increase in life expectancy is the largest factor in a projected deterioration in Social Security's finances, according to the latest Social Security Trustee's report. The shortfall expressed as a share of payroll over the program's planning horizon is 2.22 percent, compared with 1.92 percent in the 2010 report. Expressed in dollar terms, the projected shortfall over the 75-year planning horizon is $6.5 trillion or 0.7 percent of GDP.

By comparison, the projected shortfall in the Medicare program is equal to 0.25 percent of GDP over the program's planning period or $2.3 trillion. The Congressional Budget Office's assessment of the Ryan plan endorsed by the GOP implied that it would increase the cost to the country of buying Medicare-equivalent policies by more than $34 trillion over the program's 75-year planning period, in addition to transferring $5 trillion in costs from the government to seniors.



For more information, see our latest Social Security Byte.

Change in Employment-to-Population Ratio, 2000-2011 Print
May 6, 2011

The overall employment-to-population ratio (EPOP) has dropped by 0.3 percentage points since April 2010, and blacks are not yet seeing any gains from the recovery. The EPOP for blacks overall hit a new low of 51.5 percent last month, down from the previous low for the downturn of 51.8 percent in September. The 53.7 percent EPOP for black women is 0.7 percentage points below the prior low reached in March. The EPOP for black teens has edged up slightly from its low, but at 15.3 percent it is still only around half its 2000 level.


For more, check out our latest Jobs Byte.

Equipment and Software Investement Share of GDP, 2004-2011 Print
April 28, 2011

Investment in equipment and software maintained strong growth in the first quarter, rising at an 11.6 percent annual rate. Equipment and software investment were equal to 7.4 percent of GDP in the quarter, just 0.5 percentage points below the pre-recession level. This is remarkably strong given the amount of excess capacity in most sectors of the economy. It is likely to remain healthy throughout the year as the investment tax credit pulls investment forward; however, it may not sustain its double-digit growth rate.


For more, check out our latest GDP Byte.

Change in Bottom-Tier Home Prices Relative to Change in Overal Market, Jan 2009- Feb 2011 Print
April 26, 2011

In February, housing price declines were spread more evenly through the housing market than was the case in prior months; although the bottom tier continues to disproportionately suffer from the end of the first-time buyers tax credit. In Denver, prices for bottom-tier houses fell 1.4 percent in February and have fallen at a 17.9 percent annual rate over the last three months. In Chicago, they fell 4.7 percent in February and have fallen at a 28.4 percent rate over the last three months. In Minneapolis, prices in the bottom tier fell 6.5 percent in February and have fallen at a 42.8 percent rate over the last three months.

On the other hand, prices for homes in the bottom tier in Atlanta actually rose 0.6 percent in February; although they are still down 29.4 percent from their year-ago level.


For more, read the latest Housing Market Monitor.

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