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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



Unemployment Rate by Race, Dec 2007 - Aug 2010 Print
September 3, 2010

The unemployment rate edged up to 9.6 percent in August as the economy shed 54,000 jobs. The decline was entirely attributable to the loss of 114,000 temporary Census jobs. Excluding these jobs, the economy created 60,000 jobs. With job growth for the prior two months revised up by 123,000, excluding the Census jobs, the August pace is roughly even with June and July.

The largest increases in unemployment were among African Americans who saw their overall rate rise 0.8 percentage points to 16.3 percent, near the recession peak. The unemployment rate for black teens jumped 4.8 percentage points to 45.4 percent. Unemployment for Hispanics edged down to 12.0 percent, a full percentage point below its year-ago level.

jobs-ge-2010-09


Read the entire Jobs Byte.
 
Change in Real Home Prices, Jan. 1996 - June 2010 Print
August 31, 2010

With the demand side of the housing market having largely collapsed with the end of the tax credit, it is virtually certain that prices will resume their decline, completing the deflation of the bubble. While the bubble has fully deflated in some cities such as Las Vegas and Phoenix, it still has a considerable way to go in others like New York and Los Angeles. In the 20-City index, we can still expect a further decline of 15-20 percent.

hmm-2010-08-ge


Read the entire Housing Market Monitor.
 
Monthly Change in Used Vehicle Prices, Jan. 2009 - July 2010 Print
August 13, 2010

The price of used vehicles decelerated slightly from a 0.9 percent rise in June to 0.8 percent in July. The 9.3 percent annualized rate of inflation over the last three months—while still high—is far below the 32.5 percent rate over the fourth quarter of 2009, when that summer's cash-for-clunkers program had drained the supply of used cars on the market.

prices-ge-2010-08

Read the entire Prices Byte.

 
Employment to Population Ratio, July 2009-2010 Print
August 6, 2010

For the second consecutive month, the economy created virtually no jobs, net of temporary Census jobs. The Labor Department reported that the economy lost 131,000 jobs in July, 12,000 less than the 143,000 drop in the number of temporary Census workers. The June numbers were revised down by 100,000 to show a gain of only 4,000 non-Census jobs.

The job loss corresponds to a decline in labor force participation. While the unemployment rate has edged down by 0.2 percentage points to 9.5 percent since May, this is attributable to people who gave up looking for work and left the labor force. The employment to population ratio fell by 0.1 percentage points to 58.4 percent, only slightly above the 58.2 percent low in December. The drop is entirely due to a falloff in employment among women. Their EPOP fell by 0.2 percentage points in July, while the EPOP for men edged up by 0.1 percentage points. The EPOP for men now stands 0.6 percentage points above the low hit last December, while it is only 0.1 percentage points higher for women.

jobs-ge-2010-08

Read the entire Jobs Byte.
 
Projected Annual Wages, 2010-2085 Print
August 5, 2010

The Social Security trustees painted a considerably more dismal picture of the near-term economic situation in the 2010 trustees report than in their 2009 report. At that point, they did not fully appreciate the severity of the economic downturn. The 2009 report projected that the unemployment rate would average 8.2 percent for 2009 and 8.8 percent for the current year. It projected that the unemployment rate would fall below 6.0 percent by 2014. The actual unemployment rate for 2009 was 9.3 percent. The new report projects that the unemployment rate in 2010 will average 10.0 percent and that unemployment will not fall below 6.0 percent until 2016.

The new report is also markedly more pessimistic in its near-term wage growth assumptions. The 2009 report assumed a real wage differential of 1.8 percent in 2009, 2010, and 2011. (The real wage differential is a calculation for average annual wages, so it has both an hours and wage component.) The new report revised downward the previously reported decline of 1.0 percent in 2008 to a sharper 2.1 percent fall in real wages. It shows real wages unchanged for 2009, but starting to catch up with a 3.1 percent rise in 2010, a 2.2 percent increase in 2011, and a 2.4 percent rise in 2012.

ss-ge-2010-08

Read the entire Social Security Byte.
 
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