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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



Job Loss and Recovery in the Five Most Recent Recessions as Percent of Peak Employment Print
June 1, 2012

The economy added 69,000 jobs in May—short of the 90,000 jobs needed to maintain pace with growth in the labor force. With downward revisions to previous months' payroll survey numbers, employment in May was only 20,000 above the previously reported estimate for April. As it currently stands, the economy is still recovering at a slower pace than after the previous four recessions.

Job Loss and Recovery in the Five Most Recent Recessions as Percent of Peak Employment

For more, check out the latest Jobs Byte.

 
Change in Employment-to-Population Ratio, Dec 2007-Apr 2012 Print
May 4, 2012

By demographic group, the worst employment-to-population ratio (EPOP) is among black men and black teens. The former has an EPOP that is 6.5 percentage points below its pre-recession level. Black teens have an EPOP of 15.5 percent, down 9.0 percentage points from the 2006 level. The EPOP for black women is down 3.7 percentage points from its pre-recession level, but has risen 3.2 percentage points from lows hit last summer.

The EPOP for white men is 4.8 percentage points below the pre-recession level, but up 0.6 percentage points from last summer’s low. The EPOP for white women is 3.0 percentage points below its pre-recession level, but hit a new low in April.

jobs-2012-05-ge

For more, check out the latest Jobs Byte.

 
Brazil: Job Growth, Selected Industries (Seasonally Adjusted) Print
April 27, 2012

The administration of Dilma Rousseff has recently taken steps to boost industry and curb the rise of the real, including currency controls and lower interest rates.  Brazil’s latest employment report shows that these steps may be having their intended effect. 

From 2009 to 2011, post-recession job gains had been concentrated in business services and finance: in the last quarter of 2011, the sector accounted for nearly 90 percent of all new jobs.  But today’s employment report shows a rapid reversal of this trend. 

During the first quarter of 2012 industry and utilities have nearly eliminated their gap behind the overall labor market, while business services, real estate, and finance eliminated most of the jobs they gained in the last quarter of 2011.

ladb-brazil-4-27-2012

For more, check out the latest Latin America Data Byte.

 
Change in GDP and Final Demand, 2010-2012 Print
April 27, 2012

Growth in Gross Domestic Product fell to 2.2 percent in the first quarter of 2012 after increasing at a 3.0 percent annualized rate in the fourth quarter of 2011 and 1.8 percent in the quarter before that. Increased accumulation of private inventories accounted for 0.59 percentage points to total growth compared with 1.81 percentage points in the previous quarter, but final demand rose at a 1.6 percent annualized rate compared with 1.1 percent in the fourth quarter of last year.

gdp-2012-04-ge

For more, check out the latest GDP Byte.

 
Weekly Change in Mortgage Applications Index, Feb 2010 - Apr 2012 Print
April 24, 2012

Because of the monthly swings in housing releases — such as new and existing home sales and starts — it is always best to try to use averages of several months’ data (as the Case-Shiller index does) and to factor in all the available data on the market. The mortgage application index generally provides a good gauge of the underlying strength of the market. This weekly index is also volatile, but taking a one-or two-month average shows no clear upward trend from year-ago levels. Of course, investors often will not use standard mortgages to finance house purchases, thus insofar as the percentage of investor-purchased homes rises or falls, this will not be picked up by the mortgage application index.

hmm-2012-04-ge

For more, check out the latest Housing Market Monitor.

 
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