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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



Venezuela: Contributions to Real GDP Growth Print
September 7, 2011

First quarter GDP growth in Venezuela was driven by manufacturing and by commerce and repair, both of which saw annualized growth greater than 20 percent.  In the second quarter, both of these sectors contracted, bringing down overall GDP growth with them.  Together, these sectors added 11.6 percentage points to first-quarter growth; they subtracted 5.5 percentage points of growth from second-quarter GDP.

ladb-2011-09-07-fig2ge

For more, check out our latest Latin America Data Byte.

 
Unemployment Rate for All, Construction and Manufacturing Workers, 2004-2011 Print
September 2, 2011

Even correcting for peculiarities like the Verizon strike, there can be little doubt that the picture in the August job data is bleak. Health care, which added 29,700 in August, is the only sector adding jobs at a respectable pace. Restaurants added 9,300 jobs last month and an average of just 2,300 jobs over the last four months. The temp sector added 4,700 jobs in August. Temp employment is still 7,500 below the March level. And average weekly hours edged down by 0.1 percent. The government sector lost 17,000 jobs in August, bringing its average rate of job loss to 37,700 over the last three months. One item worth noting, however, is the continuing decline in the unemployment rate for workers in the construction and manufacturing industries.

jobs-2011-09-ge

For more, check out our latest Jobs Byte.

 
U.S. Energy Prices, July 2001 - July 2011 Print
August 18, 2011

After two months of falling energy prices, a large rebound again drove up the overall rate of inflation.  There is not much to be made of this volatility.  Energy prices rose 2.8 percent in July, but have fallen at a 10.4 percent annualized rate over the last three months.  Food prices rose 0.4 percent in the month and at a 3.8 percent rate since April—slightly faster than the core rate of inflation.

prices-2011-08-ge

For more, check out our latest Prices Byte.

 
Ecuador: Contributions to Real GDP Growth Print
August 10, 2011

Ecuador's GDP growth was driven by construction, which added 3.2 percentage points to overall annualized GDP growth, and “other services” (restaurants, bars, hotels, communications, rental housing, business and household services, education, and health), which added 2.4 percentage points.  Public administration (which also includes defense and social security) was the only sector to have a negative effect on GDP growth; it subtracted 0.6 percentage points of growth.

lab-2011-08-fig2-ge

For more, check out our latest Latin America Data Byte.

 
Change in Temporary Employment and Average Weekly Hours Since the Beginning of the Recession Print
August 5, 2011

The temp sector added just 300 jobs in July. Employment in the temp sector is down 17,700 jobs since March. This is noteworthy because it directly contradicts the business uncertainty story. If businesses are holding back on hiring because they are worried about regulations, taxes, or debt default then they would be hiring temps in large numbers; however, temp employment is still down by almost 16 percent from its pre-recession level.

In the same vein, employers should be increasing the length of the average workweek as they work their existing work force more hours in order to avoid hiring new workers. (This would also be the case if there were a problem of structural unemployment due to a skills/job mismatch.) In fact, the length of the average workweek has been essentially flat over the last year and is still below the pre-recession level.

jobs-2011-08-ge

For more, check out our latest Jobs Byte.

 
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