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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



U.S. Energy Prices, July 2001 - July 2011 Print
August 18, 2011

After two months of falling energy prices, a large rebound again drove up the overall rate of inflation.  There is not much to be made of this volatility.  Energy prices rose 2.8 percent in July, but have fallen at a 10.4 percent annualized rate over the last three months.  Food prices rose 0.4 percent in the month and at a 3.8 percent rate since April—slightly faster than the core rate of inflation.

prices-2011-08-ge

For more, check out our latest Prices Byte.

 
Ecuador: Contributions to Real GDP Growth Print
August 10, 2011

Ecuador's GDP growth was driven by construction, which added 3.2 percentage points to overall annualized GDP growth, and “other services” (restaurants, bars, hotels, communications, rental housing, business and household services, education, and health), which added 2.4 percentage points.  Public administration (which also includes defense and social security) was the only sector to have a negative effect on GDP growth; it subtracted 0.6 percentage points of growth.

lab-2011-08-fig2-ge

For more, check out our latest Latin America Data Byte.

 
Change in Temporary Employment and Average Weekly Hours Since the Beginning of the Recession Print
August 5, 2011

The temp sector added just 300 jobs in July. Employment in the temp sector is down 17,700 jobs since March. This is noteworthy because it directly contradicts the business uncertainty story. If businesses are holding back on hiring because they are worried about regulations, taxes, or debt default then they would be hiring temps in large numbers; however, temp employment is still down by almost 16 percent from its pre-recession level.

In the same vein, employers should be increasing the length of the average workweek as they work their existing work force more hours in order to avoid hiring new workers. (This would also be the case if there were a problem of structural unemployment due to a skills/job mismatch.) In fact, the length of the average workweek has been essentially flat over the last year and is still below the pre-recession level.

jobs-2011-08-ge

For more, check out our latest Jobs Byte.

 
Construction as Percent of GDP, 2005-2011 Print
July 29, 2011

While investment in non-residential structures increased by 8.1 percent in the last quarter, it did not come close to offsetting the 14.3 percent decline in the first quarter. As a result of overbuilding from the bubble, non-residential construction is down by 1.6 percentage points of GDP from its prior peak. Similarly, residential construction is down by almost 4 percentage points from its bubble peak.

gdp-2011-07-ge

For more, check out our latest GDP Byte.

 
Annualized Percentage Change in Owners' Equivalent Rent, Jan. 2001-June 2011 Print
July 26, 2011

The Census Department will release data on vacancy rates later this week, which will give us more information on the overall state of supply and demand in the housing market. The recent movement in rents provides no reason for believing that there is any underlying tightening of the market. Owners' equivalent rent is rising at just over a 1.0 percent annual rate. (This series differs from some realtors’ series showing rising rents, because it measures changes in rent for the same units over time. It does not compare the rent of different units.) This is up compared with the declining rents of 2010, but there is no clear upward momentum. It is likely that oversupply will exert further downward pressure on prices.

hmm-2011-07-ge

For more, check out the latest Housing Market Monitor.

 
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