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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.

Owners' Equity as Percentage of Household Real Estate, 1980-2011 Print
June 28, 2011

Many analysts seem to have missed the fact that the plunge in house prices has sharply reduced homeowners’ equity. According to data from the Federal Reserve Board, the ratio of homeowners’ equity to value at the end of the first quarter was just 38.0 percent at the end of the first quarter, the lowest on record. Prior to the run-up of the housing bubble, the ratio of equity to value had never been below 60 percent and it had been near 67 percent until the late 80s. This massive loss in household wealth explains weaker consumption, not consumer pessimism.


For more, check out our latest Housing Market Monitor.

Brazil: Real GDP by Sector Print
June 27, 2010

Industry in Brazil outpaced services for the first time since spring 2010.  Industry grew at an annualized rate of 8.9 percent, more than twice the rate of services (4.3 percent, annualized). However, the sector is still only 2.4 percent above its pre-recession peak.  In comparison, the service sector is 8.5 percent above its pre-recession level, and the overall economy 7.1 percent above that point.


For more, check out our latest Latin America Data Byte.

Venezuela: Annualized Growth Rate, Seasonally Adjusted GDP Print
June 6, 2011

Venezuela’s central bank (BCV) first-quarter GDP report shows an accelerating recovery: GDP grew 4.5% over its first-quarter 2010 level.  For a closer look at the most recent quarter, we need seasonally adjusted data so we can compare it to the quarter just before it.  The central bank’s seasonally-adjusted series ends the third quarter of 2010, but we can estimate it more recently, using the same adjustment that the BCV uses.   Two methods are shown here: first, a simple adjustment of the official, unadjusted GDP series, and second, the sum of the adjusted industry-specific GDP levels. The figure below shows the results of these estimates: first quarter GDP grew by either 9.8% or 9.6% on an annualized basis, depending on which adjustment method we use.


For more on Venezuela's GDP, check out the latest Latin America Data Byte.

Change in Job Levels in Selected Industries, Dec 2007 - May 2011 Print
June 3, 2011

One especially discouraging sign in the latest jobs report was the loss of 2,200 jobs in the employment services sector following a weak gain in April. The weak growth in this sector, coupled with the stagnation in hours, suggests that job growth is not likely to accelerate soon.  The weakness in the private sector goes along with a government sector that lost 29,000 jobs in May and has lost an average of 24,300 jobs over the last three months.


For more, check out our latest Jobs Byte.

Weekly Change in Purchase Mortgage Applications Index, Feb 2010 - May 2011 Print
May 31, 2011

The April data on pending home sales was extremely weak. In addition, the mortgage applications index for purchase mortgages is hovering only slightly above the levels reached last May, following the end of the first-time buyers tax credit. This suggests that home purchases are likely to be weak for the near-term future.


For more, read the latest Housing Market Monitor.

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