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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



Non-Agricultural Export Price Indices in Dollar and Foreign Currencies Print
September 17, 2010

From 1995-2002, the dollar rose 34 percent relative to other world currencies. This made U.S. imports of foreign goods very inexpensive and exports of goods to other countries relatively costly. Although the export price index fell 5.7 percent over this time, that index is measured in dollars. Rapid appreciation of the dollar meant that consumers in foreign countries paid 27 percent more (in their own currencies) for the goods in early 2002 than they did in mid-1995.

Since early 2002, the trend has reversed. The (dollar) price index for U.S. exports has risen 23 percent, but the real dollar has fallen 22 percent—resulting in a small decline in the price of these exports as seen by our trading partners.

prices-ge-2010-09

Read the entire Prices Byte.

 
Official Poverty Rate, 1959-2009 Print
September 16, 2010

According to a recent Census Bureau report, in 2009 some 43.6 million people had incomes below the federal poverty line. The income-poverty rate increased both overall—from 13.2 percent in 2008 to 14.3 percent in 2009—and for all racial and ethnic groups except Asians (for whom the increase was not statistically significant). The number of persons living below the poverty line has now increased for three consecutive years. The largest percentage increases in poverty were experienced by families headed by a single man (3.1 percent) and children under age 6 (2.6 percent).

poverty-ge-2010

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Unemployment Rate by Race, Dec 2007 - Aug 2010 Print
September 3, 2010

The unemployment rate edged up to 9.6 percent in August as the economy shed 54,000 jobs. The decline was entirely attributable to the loss of 114,000 temporary Census jobs. Excluding these jobs, the economy created 60,000 jobs. With job growth for the prior two months revised up by 123,000, excluding the Census jobs, the August pace is roughly even with June and July.

The largest increases in unemployment were among African Americans who saw their overall rate rise 0.8 percentage points to 16.3 percent, near the recession peak. The unemployment rate for black teens jumped 4.8 percentage points to 45.4 percent. Unemployment for Hispanics edged down to 12.0 percent, a full percentage point below its year-ago level.

jobs-ge-2010-09


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Change in Real Home Prices, Jan. 1996 - June 2010 Print
August 31, 2010

With the demand side of the housing market having largely collapsed with the end of the tax credit, it is virtually certain that prices will resume their decline, completing the deflation of the bubble. While the bubble has fully deflated in some cities such as Las Vegas and Phoenix, it still has a considerable way to go in others like New York and Los Angeles. In the 20-City index, we can still expect a further decline of 15-20 percent.

hmm-2010-08-ge


Read the entire Housing Market Monitor.
 
Monthly Change in Used Vehicle Prices, Jan. 2009 - July 2010 Print
August 13, 2010

The price of used vehicles decelerated slightly from a 0.9 percent rise in June to 0.8 percent in July. The 9.3 percent annualized rate of inflation over the last three months—while still high—is far below the 32.5 percent rate over the fourth quarter of 2009, when that summer's cash-for-clunkers program had drained the supply of used cars on the market.

prices-ge-2010-08

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