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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.



Brazil: Job Growth, Selected Industries (Seasonally Adjusted) Print
April 27, 2012

The administration of Dilma Rousseff has recently taken steps to boost industry and curb the rise of the real, including currency controls and lower interest rates.  Brazil’s latest employment report shows that these steps may be having their intended effect. 

From 2009 to 2011, post-recession job gains had been concentrated in business services and finance: in the last quarter of 2011, the sector accounted for nearly 90 percent of all new jobs.  But today’s employment report shows a rapid reversal of this trend. 

During the first quarter of 2012 industry and utilities have nearly eliminated their gap behind the overall labor market, while business services, real estate, and finance eliminated most of the jobs they gained in the last quarter of 2011.

ladb-brazil-4-27-2012

For more, check out the latest Latin America Data Byte.

 
Change in GDP and Final Demand, 2010-2012 Print
April 27, 2012

Growth in Gross Domestic Product fell to 2.2 percent in the first quarter of 2012 after increasing at a 3.0 percent annualized rate in the fourth quarter of 2011 and 1.8 percent in the quarter before that. Increased accumulation of private inventories accounted for 0.59 percentage points to total growth compared with 1.81 percentage points in the previous quarter, but final demand rose at a 1.6 percent annualized rate compared with 1.1 percent in the fourth quarter of last year.

gdp-2012-04-ge

For more, check out the latest GDP Byte.

 
Weekly Change in Mortgage Applications Index, Feb 2010 - Apr 2012 Print
April 24, 2012

Because of the monthly swings in housing releases — such as new and existing home sales and starts — it is always best to try to use averages of several months’ data (as the Case-Shiller index does) and to factor in all the available data on the market. The mortgage application index generally provides a good gauge of the underlying strength of the market. This weekly index is also volatile, but taking a one-or two-month average shows no clear upward trend from year-ago levels. Of course, investors often will not use standard mortgages to finance house purchases, thus insofar as the percentage of investor-purchased homes rises or falls, this will not be picked up by the mortgage application index.

hmm-2012-04-ge

For more, check out the latest Housing Market Monitor.

 
Growth in Real Earnings and Real Earnings Net of Additional Payroll Taxes Print
April 23, 2012

Even if the Social Security trust fund should run out in 2033 and the program should have to be made whole with additional payroll taxes, the loss to workers will be very small in comparison to their projected increases in pre-tax earnings. This is particularly true considering that the uncertainty concerning earning growth is much greater than any effect of the increase in payroll taxes.

ss-2012-ge

For more, read the latest Social Security Byte.

 
Change in Real Wages, Jan 2007 - Mar 2012 Print
April 6, 2012

One very discouraging item in the latest jobs report was a 0.1 hour drop in the length of the average workweek. While the data are erratic, the drop was driven largely by a decline of 0.3 hours in nondurable manufacturing, a sector where hours tend to be better measured. Wages continue to go nowhere. The average hourly wage has increased at just a 1.85 percent annual rate over the last quarter, which likely puts it behind inflation. The wage for production non-supervisory workers, which better tracks the median wage, increased at just a 1.37 percent annual rate over this period.

jobs-2012-04-ge

For more, check out the latest Jobs Byte.

 
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