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Graphic Economics

A collection of graphic representations of data by CEPR researchers on important economic issues.

Cumulative Percentage Point Change in Employment and Unemployment Rates From June 2009 to Feb 2012 Print
March 9, 2012

The Labor Department reported that employers added 227,000 jobs in February. With upward revisions to the prior two months’ data, average job growth over the last three months is now reported as 244,000. Employment growth continues to be concentrated among older workers, with people over age 55 accounting for 277,000 of the 428,000 growth in employment reported in February in the household survey. By education level, college grads were the big winners with their EPOP jumping by 0.7 percentage points, although most of this was reversing an erratic drop of 0.5 percentage points reported in January. The EPOP for high school grads fell by 0.5 percentage points to 54.1 percent, a new low for the downturn. Most likely this is also an anomaly.


For more, check out the latest Jobs Byte.

Brazil: Real Quarterly GDP Growth, Contributions by Sector Print
March 6, 2012

In the fourth quarter, Brazil's GDP grew by just 1.4 percent on an annualized basis.  Mineral extraction and finance led growth among sectors, with annualized growth rates of 7.3 and 5.9 percent, respectively. Manufacturing was nearly flat over the year, but fell at a 9.5 percent annualized rate in the most recent quarter.


For more, check out the latest Latin America Data Byte.

Rental Vacancy Rate, 1991-2011 Print
February 28, 2012

One factor that will continue to depress both construction and house prices is the still near-record vacancy rates. The current vacancy rate is down by more than a percentage point from its peak in 2010, but it is still far higher than any vacancy rate recorded in the years preceding the housing bubble.

This huge number of empty units will not be absorbed quickly, even if the economy were to create jobs at a pace more typical for a recovery from a severe recession (300k-400k a month). While most of the vacancies are for rental units, it is important to remember that rental units can easily become ownership units (almost one-third of rental units are single family houses) if sales prices started to rise relative to rents.


For more, check out the latest Housing Market Monitor.

Monthly Change in Jobs Since End of Recession Print
February 3, 2012

The establishment survey showed a gain of 243,000 jobs with the private sector adding 257,000. With upward revisions to job growth for the prior two months, job growth has now averaged 201,000 over the last three months. Ignoring Census hiring, this is the strongest three-month stretch since February to April of last year when job growth averaged 239,000 a month.


For more, check out the latest Jobs Byte.

Real Owners' Equivalent Rent, Adjusted for Inflation, 2000-2011 Print
January 31, 2012

It is interesting to compare the path of house prices with the owners’ equivalent rent (OER) index in the CPI to get an assessment of underlying conditions in the housing market. (OER excludes utilities and therefore provides a better comparison than the rental index with sales prices as a measure of the value of housing.) The real value of this index largely peaked with a 4 percent rise in 2002. It then remained flat through the peak bubble years and has since fallen back to its pre-bubble level. This suggests that there is zero evidence of any upward pressure on prices coming from the rental segment of the market as some have claimed.


For more, check out the latest Housing Market Monitor.

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