Does the Treasury Secretary Have to Be a Lobbyist for Wall Street in Europe?
It’s not news that the Wall Street banks have enormous influence over policy in Washington. After all, most of the big banks would have gone bankrupt in the financial crisis if not for the massive bailout engineered by the Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board.
But the handouts from the government did not end with the crisis. The government continues to provide a massive subsidy to the banks in the form of its implicit “too-big-to-fail” insurance. This means that creditors assume that if the big banks get in trouble again, the government would step in and bail them out, just like in 2008.
Since creditors believe the government stands behind these big banks, they are willing to lend them money at lower interest rates. Bloomberg news estimated the size of this subsidy at $83 billion a year. By comparison, the food stamp program is projected to cost $76 billion this year.
In other words, a few big banks will get a larger subsidy from the government than the tens of millions of people receiving food stamps. In the world of makers and takers, the big banks are industrial strength takers.
But there are even more benefits to being a big bank. Apparently the Treasury Department is expected to lobby on their behalf in other countries. This is what we are seeing now as 11 countries in the European Union attempt to jointly implement a financial speculation tax. This is part of a popular European effort to raise revenue by cracking down on speculative trading by their major banks.
The tax enjoys overwhelming support from the public in countries such as Germany, Italy, and elsewhere in Europe. This is what has pushed their political leadership to support the tax. However the U.S. Treasury Department seems determined to obstruct the path.
The immediate issue is that U.S. banks want to be exempted from having to pay the tax and the Treasury Department is pushing their case. First, it is important to understand that no one is trying to single out U.S. banks for punishment under the proposed European tax. The argument by the Europeans is that U.S. banks should be subject to the trading tax in the same way that U.S. citizens are subject to taxes on restaurants and hotels when they eat at a restaurant or stay at a hotel in Europe.
This is important not just because the Europeans are worried about losing a slice of the revenue if the U.S. banks are exempted; they are worried that the tax would be completely undermined. If active speculators in stock or derivatives know that they can evade Europe’s tax simply by doing their trades through a subsidiary of a U.S. bank, then all the active traders will conduct their trades through U.S. subsidiaries. The result would be that the frequent traders who were the primary target of the tax would be largely able to escape the tax.
By pushing this line, the Treasury Department is effectively defending the right of U.S. banks to run tax avoidance schemes against European governments. If Treasury succeeds, it would make the tax pointless.
And that is undoubtedly the point. If the Treasury Department believed that the tax was simply a case of bad policy, it could send a quick note of advice to their European counterparts and then get on with other business. After all, Europeans make bad decisions all the time without causing government officials in Washington to break a sweat.
However the European financial speculation tax raises concerns for precisely the opposite reason; the folks in Washington are worried that it will succeed. They are worried that the tax will raise large amounts of revenue at the expense of the big financial speculators. This is a classic win-win. The government will have more revenue by reducing speculation that is harmful to financial markets and the larger economy. And, since the financial sector produces many of the highest incomes in the economy, a downsized financial sector should also imply less inequality.
So the European speculation tax will lead to a more efficient and stable financial sector, more revenue for governments, and less inequality. And the only losers are the big rollers in the financial industry.
Naturally Wall Street would do everything in its power to stop the spread of such taxes; after all some people may want to impose speculation taxes in the United States. For that reason it is no surprise that Wall Street would try to block the European tax, but does President Obama really have to assist this effort? Can’t the millionaires and billionaires on Wall Street for at least once stand on their own two feet? Jack Lew should tell Goldman Sachs and Jamie Dimon that they have to hire their own lobbyist if they want to protect their ability to do tax scams in Europe.
Dean Baker is a macroeconomist and co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, DC. He previously worked as a senior economist at the Economic Policy Institute and an assistant professor at Bucknell University.